Following the global pandemic of COVID-19, countries are taking steps to limit the disease’s spread. The Government of Nepal is imposing a lockdown to prevent the spread of the virus but people are facing problems because of the lockdown as many of their jobs are lost and they are not having sufficient income to fulfill their basic needs, especially food. However, unforeseen effects for food security, meaning availability, access, usage, and stability of food supply at global, national, and local levels, may result from such actions.
Various countries are facing problems supplying food to other countries as the people of the countries must be provided enough food to fight the pandemic. As part of their efforts to enhance food and nutrition security as well as sustainable development, many countries are taking steps to prevent food loss and waste. The problems posed by the COVID19 epidemic jeopardize these efforts. At this point, public interventions such as investments or regulations that create incentives to support initiatives to reduce food loss and waste are critical.
Food insecurity is described as having insufficient or unclear access to nutritious food to live an active and healthy life. People who are severely food insecure skip meals or go hungry because they do not have enough money to buy food or do not have access to food in any other way. Food insecurity is linked to negative behavioral and academic results in children. During the pandemic, food insecurity is a problem that crosses all areas of health, family welfare, commerce, government, and public services. Now that you’ve looked at how a severe pandemic could affect each pillar of food security, it’s time to look at why food security must be addressed across all sectors.
The United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) encourages governments to use a holistic strategy to food loss and waste reduction in order to ensure that everyone, especially vulnerable populations, has access to food during the COVID-19 pandemic. As the COVID-19 pandemic raises fears of a rise in food insecurity, many countries and organizations are stepping up efforts to ensure that agriculture remains a viable business, markets are well-supplied with affordable and nutritious food, and consumers can still access and buy food despite travel restrictions and income losses.
The global financial crisis, which impacted the agricultural sector and the economy, posed a serious threat to global food security, necessitating the reform of current mechanisms as well as the invention of new ones to assure food security on both an international and national level. Food, energy, and finance and economic, political, and social security are all predicated on three characteristics of security in the modern world.
Economic security is dependent on food security. The relevance of food supply in maintaining social and economic stability in society is why food security is so important. It is critical for the population’s physical and economic access to food, as well as consumption, diet quality and structure, and food quality. Food self-sufficiency, independence from food imports, the building of governmental food reserves in case of crises (natural disasters, wars, epidemics, etc.), and providing food help to the poor are all key issues.
It is vital to ensure that legal food prices remain at a specific level. This adjustment should be made by eliminating the maximum markups from wholesale trade fair buying prices. This should stimulate the elimination of unneeded intermediary links while also laying the groundwork for the expansion of direct connections with the wholesale link.
Regulations on the pricing of machinery, tillage equipment, energy resources, transportation expenses, fertilizers, and prohibiting monopolistic behavior of organizations repair processes and provide other production services should be included in the legislation. The expansion of commodity-performance components, including the establishment of big logistics centers, is building a robust monitoring system for the quality of goods entering the domestic market, which will help to assure food safety.
The right to food is the basic human right of every individual. The state being guardian of the citizen must provide enough food to protect the human rights of an individual. Other binding treaties ratified by Nepal include the right to adequate nourishment. The Government of Nepal conducted various programs and policies to reduce food insecurity in Nepal during the pandemic. There are some of the legal considerations which should be followed by the government of Nepal to mitigate the risk of food insecurity such as:
If those legal measures are followed by the government of Nepal people are protected from the virus as well as their rights are not being violated. In order to boost production, distribution, and availability of food, the government must give irrigation agricultural production and road connectivity a major priority. Thus, there must be proper legal considerations to respond to Covid 19 followed by the government of Nepal to mitigate the risk of food insecurity.