Mithila has a lot of inspiring history and culture from which Nepal can even learn today the direction and flow from it.
Mithila is bounded by the Koshi river in the east, Gandaki river in the west, the Ganga in the south, and in north by foothills of the Himalayas in the north. After the beginning of the history, there lived an ancient divine kingdom in parts of modern Nepal and India. The kingdom was called Videha, recognized later famously as Mithila.
Mithila became the birthplace of princess sita and her father Shirdhwaj janak. The birthplace of many great persons, a creation venue for many knowledge and sciences. Mithila is also a root of art and creativity and was once a very powerful kingdom. But today is continuously being a missed history.
It is said that Madhava Vidhegha was the first king of this land who came by crossing Gandaki river with his teacher Gautama raghugana, and placed kingdom Videha. Later king Mithi was born only one son of his dynasty.
According to ancient stories, king Nimi- father of king Mithi’s had died young without child. And after his death, the rishis created a young boy from the dead body of his father. As king Mithi was born from his father’s body, king Mithi was titled Janaka. And all the kings of his dynasty were called Videha Janaka or simply Janaka later. This kingdom was named Mithila from his name Mithi’s and it’s capital was called Janakpur. The history of Mithila kingdom goes from Vedic age to the modern time period. This part of land is rich with culture and traditions, spiritual knowledge.
Mithila art is famous even till today. Many festivals and celebrations have been started from this place. The language of Mithila is Maithali which is admired by many for it’s clam and smooth vibrating nature.
Sita birthplace also occurred in Mithila. According to Ramayan, in king Janaka daughter Sita’s marriage ceremony, Ram dashrat putra from aayodhya lifted the dhanush (bow). Then Ram and sita weeding happened on Janakpur. After that, this day is celebrated as anniversary of Ram and Sita called Vivah Panchami. Later, Sita is popular and accepted as lord all over Hindu religion for her work. Mithila history is the prestigious history for all Nepalese people. This place has lot of inspiring history from which Nepal can even learn today the direction and flow from it.
Culture of Mithila
Mithila painting: Mithila painting is practiced in the Mithila region of India and Nepal. It was traditionally created by the women of different communities of Mithila region. This painting being form of wall art was practiced widely throughout the region. This painting is done on paper and canvas with a variety of tools, including fingers, twigs, brushes, nib-pens, and matchsticks and using natural dyes and pigments.
Mithila Paag: The paag is a headdress in the Mithila region of India and Nepal worn by Maithil people. It represent the moral, respect and significant part of maithil culture. Paag goes before to ancient times when it was made of plant leaves. It exists today in a modified form. The colour of the paag also carries a lot of significance. The red paag is worn by those who are undergoing the blessed thread rituals. Paag of mustard colour is donned by those attending weeding ceremonies and the elders wear a white paag.
Maithil cuisine: some traditional maithil dishes are :- Dahi-chura, Vegetable of Arikanchan, Ghooghni, Mutton, Irhar, Purakiya or Gujia which is basically dumplings, Tarua of Tilkor, Traditional pickles, Badee, Maachh, Anarasa, Bagiya, Makhan payas, Tarua of different vegetable.
Language: people of Mithila region speak Maithili primarily and are well versed in other languages like Nepali, Hindi, English, Bhojpuri for other different purposes. Maithilis living in Nepal use Nepali language. In Nepal, it is the second most prevalent language of Nepal and spoken in eastern Terai. Trihuta was formely the primary script for written Maithili as well as one of the historical script of Sanskrit. Maithali language is formed from Sanskrit. It was also written in the local variant of kaithi. Today it is written in the Devanagari script.
Jhijhiya: Jhijhiya is a cultural dance in the Mithila region of the Nepal and India. Jhijhiya is mostly performed at time of Dusshera, in devotion to Durga Bhairavi, the goddess of victory. While performing Jhijhiya, women put lanterns made of clay on their head and they balance it while they dance.
(Sah is the BALLB student of Kathmandu School Of Law.)