In the 21st century every one of us has various types of digital devices. Internet is the most important element for the people to functions in their daily life. Cybercrime is an umbrella term for a variety of crimes that take place online or when technology is used as a method of attack and/or a target. It is one of the world’s fastest-growing illegal activities, affecting both individuals and corporations.
Cybercrime can be defined as the misusing the computers or internet for any illegal or prohibited acts by the law. As the computers and online mediums has been the vital element for the commerce, entertainment and the government itself, cybercrime has risen such an impact specially on the internet. Cybercrime refers to the criminal activity that is directed toward\ or make the use of computer or internet or any digital device.
In today’s digital world, having a secure cyberspace is becoming increasingly important. Nepal has grown more vulnerable to cybercrime as a result of its embrace of digital systems and institutions and rising digital footprint. People can be affected by cybercrime in a variety of ways, and most victims will be concerned and afraid as a result of what has occurred. As a result, cybercrime is treated as if it were a real-world crime.
Not all but most of the cybercrime is committed just to make money. An individual or any group can commit such crimes, which is very unethical. The services given to utilize and generate more information or to communicate are being misused and people are being victims of such crimes. As we all know, there is the second wave of corona virus hitting Nepal and people are not going out for work and study. Students are having online classes where they need internet in their residents to attend the class. Mostly, teenagers who are being engaged in the internet for maximum hours are being victims and the one committing crime parallelly.
Teenagers are using various social medias and they are not being able to decide what kind of response should be done to deal with the programs and also with people. They are being trapped without any reasons and being blackmailed by the offenders. Young generations are the future builders of the nation, they must be educated well and skilled in a way that they can always protect themselves from the crisis. Cybercrime has been recorded at highest rate during the pandemic especially by the youngsters.
The history of cybercrime in Nepal
Although it is impossible to pinpoint when the term “cybersecurity” was first recognized or debated in Nepal, it is believed to have been about 2013. Around the same period, the Nepal Police Crime Investigation Department recorded 19 incidents of social media offenses. Meanwhile, initiatives to preserve and strengthen Nepali cyberspace have begun in the business sector.
Here is one example of cybercrime committed by a teenager, in 2016, Nepal Police apprehended an 18-year-old under the alias Anonymous #Opnep for hacking government websites, including Nepal Telecom and the National Tuberculosis Centre.
Mostly the cybercrimes that is related with the incidents of ATM attacks, privacy leaks, ransomware, child pornography, harassments, etc. are reported in Nepal. In which 80 % of them are teenagers.
Most of the teenagers know about the term “cybercrime” but they are still misusing it and going in a wrong direction. Some of them get trapped by others and cannot decide what to do next, which directly affects their mental health. Youngsters must be properly be aware of the cybercrime concept and must make themselves safe from the people bulling them online.
Solutions to stop cybercrimes
Here are some solutions by which an individual can be protected from the crimes related to the internet or computers:
Cybercrime’s non-local nature is a key feature: acts can take place in jurisdictions separated by great distances. This creates significant difficulties for law enforcement, since formerly local or even national offenses now need worldwide collaboration. Some cybercriminals are well-organized, employ advanced strategies, and have a high level of technical expertise. Others are newcomers to hacking. Cybercrime is least used for other reasons other than financial motives. These might be either political or personal in nature.
In Nepal, there is being imprinting the negative impact on the young generations about the internet used by them are misguiding and taking them to the negative paths. Internet must be utilized to increase the self-skills and creativity level rather than being engaged in such illegal activities. Teenagers are being victims by the people online and they are so frightened to report the case or the act happened against their consent or will. This area must be critically address by the government of Nepal, the teenagers must be guided towards the knowledge and skills by the cyber rather to be taken in a wrong way. There is various impact of cybercrimes but the major one is, significant danger of data loss and financial consequences.
Though internet can be used in two ways: positively and negative. There must be always positive attitude towards such sensitive area. It can be visualized or get informed to the people around the world so one’s privacy must be maintained. Cybercrime should be minimized and people should utilize such learning opportunities especially teenagers rather making it the weapon to get one’s benefit.
Fighting cybercrime is, in some ways, everyone’s business. Consider it a responsibility to contribute to the battle against cybercrime. For most individuals, this means taking a few easy, common-sense precautions to protect themselves and their families. It also entails promptly reporting cybercrime to the proper authorities. You are assisting in the battle against cybercrime when you do so.
(Aryal is BALLB student of Kathmandu School of Law, Bhaktapur.)