The concept of nature as a standard by which to make judgements is traditionally said to have begun in Greek philosophy, at least as regards the western and middle eastern languages and perspectives which are heavily influenced by it. Human nature is a bundle of fundamental characteristics including ways of thinking, feeling, and acting which humans tend to have naturally.
The science that examines human nature is known as psychology and more recently also neuroscience. The concept of human nature is traditionally contrasted not only with unusual human characteristics, but also with characteristics which are derived from specific culture, and upbringings. The “nature versus nurture” debate is a well-known modern discussion about human nature is natural science.
Natural mimes, human are what’s called a mimetic species that means we like to make things that look like other things. We use our incredible imagination to create stories, characters and objects that resemble the real world.
Just look at our most popular stories, these tales of wizards and knights actually mimic real-life characters face similar struggles. They develop meaningful relationships and they chase their dreams just like we do except that their world comes with a twist their world has some impossible spin like magic or dragons that grabs our attentions because we as humans like to wonder how these fun ideas could change our lives oh but that’s not all the journal perspectives on psychological science explains that humans have a desire for simulation we use fiction to temporarily immerse ourselves in other worlds and that’s why these worlds resemble our own they are familiar enough to relate to but different enough to engage our imaginations.
Rejecting the unfamiliar, we like things that stem from the real world but when it gets too weird we start pulling away that’s one big reason why humans struggle so much with abstraction it’s confusing it’s unrecognizable we have a hard time connecting to it because it does not remind us of the real world in any way you see humans need that familiarity in order to feel interested to project ourselves into that new environment if it’s too bizarre or abstract well most people will just stop caring or reject it completely.
Emotional volatility, everyone’s experienced a moment of uncountable emotion may be a sad story drove you to tears or a bitter disappointment set off your temper people are capable of more emotions than any other living thing on the planet many animals feel happy many animals feel sad but we feel hundreds of emotions everywhere in between that’s why Robert Plutchic a Professor at the Albert Einstein school of medicine pioneered the wheel of emotions way back in nineteen eighty plus will lays out eight different emotional pathways each one captures a specific avenue of human emotion showing how something subtle can develop into something more extreme or complex okay let’s try an example imagine someone keeps texting during a movie you are trying to watch the movie but obviously you cannot focus every two seconds their phone keeps dinging with new messages chances are you are called an annoyance but what happens if that person keeps texting you are going to get more and more annoyed right well eventually annoyance turns into anger when you are angry you cannot focus on the movies at all anymore and all you can think about is that irritating person so your anger motivates you to take action you lean over and ask them to stop texting that they brush you off and they keep pulling out their phone now obviously this does not do anything to relieve your anger an experience like this will push you over the edge into one of plex emotional extremes and just like that anger transforms into all-encompassing rage and that makes you do something you will later regret you stand up you yell across the theater and you ruin the movie for everyone it seemed like a good idea in the moment but you end up feeling embarrassed after your rage goes away that’s how flaring emotions work they overwhelm us with one incredible feeling and those few moments logic and reason fade into the background now sometimes that’s good some extremes motivate us to do amazing things but other extremes get us in trouble and send us down the wrong path emotional extremes can be both a blessing and a curse but one thing is for sure they are a fundamental part of human nature.
Change is possible, do people really change the popular answer is usually no people never really leave their traits and bad habits behind but that’s not actually true your personality much like the structure of your brain can change over time it’s a very slow process and it takes a lot of work but new environments lessons and experiences can alter the shape of your personality so don’t give up on yourself if you are stuck in a rut or if you don’t like something about your personality changes is a fundamental part of human nature so if you care enough about something there’s always room for improvement.
Existing in harmony, the human body wants to feel balanced there’s actually a word for this it’s called homeostasis is the physical and chemical process of equalizing your body it’s the reason why you temperature sits at an even 98.6 degrees when you are cold your body shivers to warm you up when you are hot your body sweats to cool you down because it always wants to find that state of equilibrium and human nature is no different we lean toward extremes but our minds function best is moderation. You can not for examples spend all day socializing or working or hitting the gym those extremes are just not good for you, you need to take care of yourself physically, socially and psychologically. Just like your on body finds homeostasis you should always look for balance in your life.
Unfair comparisons, human like to compare themselves to other humans but when we make comparisons it’s not always fair in fact most of us compare ourselves to people we know we are better than not because we actually want to learn something but because we want to feel better about ourselves social comparisons are supposed to be a too for motivation but instead we use them to boost our own egos so if you find yourself making because we want to feel better about ourselves, social comparisons are supposed to be a tool for motivation but instead we use them to boost our own egos so if you find yourself making comparison social media, hey don’t worry you are not the only one.
Humiliation begins, in word we have all felt embarrassed before maybe you said something stupid or tripped over your own feet after it happens your face gets red, your stomach turns and you feel like the whole room is staring at you but after a few minutes it goes away and you and your friends can look back and laugh humiliation on the other hand is something deeper and more powerful. It sticks around long after it happens and it changes the way you interact with the world maybe you have seen some one humiliate another person and make them feel terrible about themselves well the truth is humiliation create humiliation when someone goes out of their way to attack another person it’s because they feel shame toward themselves and that emotional pain makes them lash out it’s painful and it’s destructive but it’s how the human brain defends itself.
Human are empathetic, human maybe animals but that does not mean we are naturally aggressive or selfish we are not designed to hurt or sabotage other people it’s actually the opposite a study from the journal of social cognitive and affective neuroscience researched whether or not humans are naturally empathetic is it in our nature to sympathize with other people or are we only looking out for ourselves hmm turns out humans are empathetic by nature. Our brains are programmed to protect other people but under one condition it has to be someone we know or care about most people distance themselves from strangers but if it’s someone we are connected to the human brain spring into action.
Living in circles, we identify patterns in everything we build them into our houses we see them in a trees but humans don’t just find patterns we live inside them by nature humans are cyclical which means we tend to do the same things over and over you have probably heard the phrase history always repeats itself and it’s true humans come up with the same ideas we try the same strategy and make the same mistakes over and over again.
Living in circles, we identify patterns in everything we build them into our houses. We see them in a trees but when humans don’t just find patterns we live inside them by nature. Humans are clinical which means we tend to do the same things over and over you are probably heard the fresh story always repeat itself and it’s true humans come up with the same ideas we tried the same strategy and make the same mistake over and over again.
No control makes us crazy, when you don’t have control over your life how does it make you feel probably confused frustrated and a little bit frantic people like to brag about how relaxed or laid- back they are but control is a part of human nature we want to know what’s going on in our lives we want to feel like we are in the driver’s seat we because when were not it messes with our heads it motivates us to crazy things it makes us over think over compensate and over react just to regain a little bit of control in our lives so don’t be afraid to step back and ask yourself why am I doing this do I actually believe it or am I just looking for some sense of control.
The law of possession, possession comes naturally to us we own things for all kinds of reasons from companionship to envy but one in particular stands out above the rest we want to own things because we like to stand out we want to own things because we like to stand out we want things that are exclusive to us things that separate us from the rest of the world it might be a shirt a phone or a random trinket sitting on your shelf but those items make you unique and that uniqueness well it makes you special.
Fear is universal, everyone is scared of something whether it’s spider’s failure or public speaking, fear is a universal struggle it’s ingrained with in our nature to be afraid of things in fact we have a whole section of our nervous system dedicated to our fears but fear and avoidance are very different things that’s why some people live like they are not sacred of anything even though they have fear just like everybody else makes you humane but it does not have to hold you back…….
(Sah is the BALLB 1st year student of Kathmandu School of Law.)